This posting is quite long, but I hope you find it interesting. Take one look at me and you will instantly know I am not what you would call a “picky eater”.
This weekend Rebecca and I were in Abulug and a thought struck me: The people there, regardless of how poor, will never starve. Why? The Cagayan Valley is composed of rich, alluvial soil that will grow practically anything. With the tropical climate, there is nearly always something ready to be harvested. Additionally, nothing is wasted, and by that, I mean NOTHING. Every part of every animal or plant is used, sometimes in surprising ways. Additionally, since Abulug is located where a river meets the sea, a nearly endless supply of fish, shellfish, and seaweed is available, sometimes yours just for the taking. Therefore, when it comes to food, Rebecca’s family is, perhaps, as much as 90% self-sufficient. As a matter of fact, looking through their pantry, you will see very few pre-packaged or purchased goods: normally things like cooking oil or wheat flour or the occasional treat for the kids. Now, what does her family eat? Well, here’s a picture of the spread at a birthday party last year: Nearly everything was “home grown”:
Now, this was a special occasion… Most everyday Cagayano food is what Rebecca and her family call “chop chop, boil boil”. Lots of fish, meat, or vegetables chopped up and cooked in soup with vinegar and fish sauce. There is always rice. Becky’s favorite dish is small fish (ANY kind!) boiled with bitter gourd, lady fingers (okra), or aubergine. There is absolutely nothing unhealthy with that (Though, I have to admit, even though Rebecca is an outstanding cook, that I can only eat Pinoy for a few meals before I want something “Western”.)
So, a list of what they grow on her farm:
Chickens, Ducks, Turkeys: Meat, Eggs.
Goats: Meat, Milk.
At slaughtering time, you can either do it yourself, send the animals to the abattoir and they will slaughter them, or you can sell it to the abattoir and they will sell the meat on “slaughtering day”. Saturday morning, we wanted to buy some beef, so we went to the abattoir… Here’s a picture. Remember I said they waste nothing? The little bags with yellow stuff in them? That is bile from the cows. It is made into a soup in the Cagayan Valley. The pinkish meat in the background is carabao meat… Tastes like beef, but a little “gamey”.
From the sea? Well, in addition to the prawn ponds (2), they get Bangus (Milkfish, one pond), Tilapia (a pond), Clams and cockles (Free…Just dig them up), Snails (also free), Crabs (Trap them), Anchovies, Sardines, Sherry (I can’t remember the Ybanag name… Like a sea bream), Red Snapper, Parrot Fish, Mud Fish (like a catfish, but small), Rabbit Fish (one of my favorites), Angel Fish, Eels, Belt Fish (A really funny looking fish… really looks like a long, silver belt), Lapu-Lapu (If they are lucky), Gulaman (A type of seaweed… makes a type of gelatine, just like in Halo Halo…also free), Squid, and Cuttlefish. There are also dozens of other types that normally go into “chop chop boil boil”.
What about vegetables? Well, the following are all grown on Rebecca’s farm and her Uncle’s farm:
Rice, Cassava, Coffee, Cacao, Taro, Pandan, Passionfruit, Long Beans, Guava, Pineapple, Avocado, Jackfruit, Calamansi, Pomelo, Okra, Aubergines, Tomato, Betel Nut (For chewing), Coconuts (For oil, eating, and thousands of other uses), Papaya, Kan Kong, Wild mushrooms (We went picking this weekend), Bananas (Green for cooking and yellow for snacking), Bitter gourd, Bitter melon, Rambutan, Atis (A funny looking Guava-type thing), Lychee, Oregano, Curry tree (Rebecca and I planted this… She learned to cook Indian food while in the Middle East), Lotus, Bamboo (for the shoots, and household construction needs), Palm Heart (for upset stomach… Different from the canned things from Brazil… VERY bitter), Sweet potatoes, Horseradish (for the leaves rather than the roots… Flavoring for soup and it is a very different taste), ginger, palm fruit (for eating), and Nipa (for thatch and making wine). Some pictures of the different plants and vegetables (Not all shown… Not everything is harvestable now:
Finally, since this posting is, in part, about self-sufficiency and not wasting anything. There was a little construction going on at the house. The boards were hewn, by hand, from tree trunks and driftwood (mouth of a river… free lumber and keeps the beach clean). Note the pile of sawdust. This was made into charcoal for cooking.